Glossary

Betrothal

Betrothal, or betrothment, is, “a mutual promise of future marriage, or a contract by which a man and a woman engage themselves to marry.” 1

Gregorian chant

Also called plain chant or plainchant. A type of music, that is sung in unison, and without accompaniment. The Church has always preached that chant is the ideal type of music for the Mass.

“Gregorian chant is the church’s own music, born in the church’s liturgy. Its texts are almost entirely scriptural, coming for the most part from the Psalter. For centuries it was sung as pure melody, in unison, and without accompaniment, and this is still the best way to sing chant if possible. It was composed entirely in Latin; and because its melodies are so closely tied to Latin accents and word meanings, it is best to sing it in Latin.” 2

High Mass

A Latin Mass that is sung. 3

Latin Mass

Also called the Extraordinary Form, Mass of St. Gregory the Great, the Tridentine Mass/Rite, or the old Mass.

Low Mass

A Latin Mass that is spoken, not sung. 3

Missa pro sponso et sponsa

The Mass for the Groom and Bride. One of many votive Masses.

Missale Romanum

The books of texts for the Catholic Mass.

Music of the Mass

Texts of the Mass that can be sung. 4

Novus Ordo

Also called the Ordinary Form, the new Mass.

Ordinary

The texts of the Mass that do not change; namely, the Kyrie, the Gloria, the Credo, the Sanctus, the Benedictus, and the Agnus Dei.

Polyphony

A type of music with multiple voice parts (the word literally translates to “many voices”). read more here.

Proper

The texts of the Mass that change based on the day or feast; namely, the Introit, Gradual, Alleluia-Verse, Sequence, Tract, Offertory, and Communion.

Rite

“A Rite represents an ecclesiastical, or church, tradition about how the sacraments are to be celebrated.” 5

Ritual of Marriage

“The form for the celebration of Matrimony.” 6

Rituale Romanum

The book of texts, rubrics, and instructions for Catholic rituals and sacraments.

Setting

How something is sung. For example, you can choose a Gregorian chant setting of the Kyrie (like Missa de Angelis), or a polyphonic setting (like the Mozart Mass in C Minor, with 4 voice parts).

Solemn High Mass

A Latin Mass that is sung, with 3 priests. 3

Tempus clausum

Latin for forbidden time. In this context, it refers to the (usually penitential) times of the liturgical year when marriages are forbidden or strongly discouraged; namely, Lent, Advent, and the vigil of Pentecost. 7

Votive Mass

A Mass offered for a special intention, such as a Mass for kings, bishops, martyrs, a new church, the sick, or marriages. The votive Mass for marriages is called Missa pro sponso et sponsa (Mass for the groom and the bride). 8

Sources


  1. Smet, Alöis de. Betrothment and Marriage; a Canonical and Theological Treatise with Notices on History and Civil Law. St. Louis : B. Herder, 1912. http://archive.org/details/betrothmentmarri01smetiala. ^
  2. What Is Gregorian Chant?GIA Publications, https://www.giamusic.com/sacred_music/chant_what_is.cfm. Accessed 3 June 2019. ^
  3. Regina Caeli Parish. Low Mass, Sung Mass, High Mass, Solemn Mass. 12 June 2013, https://d2wldr9tsuuj1b.cloudfront.net/2708/documents/Different%20Masses.pdf. ^
  4. Henry, Hugh. “Music of the Mass.The Catholic Encyclopedia, vol. 10, New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1911, http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/10001a.htm. ^
  5. Catholic Rites and Churches.EWTN, 2007, https://www.ewtn.com/expert/answers/catholic_rites_and_churches.htm. ^
  6. Thurston, Herbert. “Ritual of Marriage.The Catholic Encyclopedia, vol. 9, New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1910, http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/09703b.htm. ^
  7. Friel, David. “Steering Wedding Dates Away from Advent & Lent.” Corpus Christi Watershed, 9 Mar. 2014, http://www.ccwatershed.org/blog/2014/mar/9/steering-wedding-dates-away-advent-lent/. ^
  8. Fortescue, Adrian. “Votive Mass.The Catholic Encyclopedia, vol. 15, New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1912, http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/15508b.htm. ^